Sundari Flowers Of Sunderbans, West Bengal

Here are some flowers fresh from Sunderbans Tiger Reserve.The fact that I am ‘alive and blogging’ is a proof that I could not spot a single tiger there. In Sunderbans they say that: Seeing a tiger in Sunderbans is as good as being inside its stomach! Well! That was the only consolation (celebration) of not being able to see the ever elusive Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans.

Sundari Flowers

Sundari Flowers on Sundari Tree of Sunderbans

Sundari Flowers

Though the word ‘Sunderbans’ literally means ‘beautiful forest’ in Bengali language, the place actually got its name from Sundari trees. These trees grow in huge numbers here. Spring is the best time to visit if you wish to see a Sundari tree in full bloom. Scientific name: Heritiera littoralis , another name: Looking-glass mangrove.

Yellowish-green in color, you can find plenty of these flowers in clusters. The roots of the tree look strange as they grow up from mud like spikes. It will difficult for humans to traverse through vast stretches of such root spikes, though the animals can find their way easily through these. Sadly that is one reason why human habitation is not possible in these regions! At the base, the roots spread out in a strange manner giving support to the tree and withstand the forces of rising and retreating tides.

A visit to Sunderbans few months from now, you will get to see the fruits, probably then the chances of spotting a deer will be more as they feed on it. And if you get luckier may be you can spot a tiger chasing the deer. Who knows!

Medicinal Properties of Sundari Tree

Freshwater is as scarce here as in a desert. The mangrove trees have to expend energy to get rid of the salt in every drop of water. Thus, mangroves have many water- conserving features similar to desert plants. To minimise water loss through evaporation, the trees have thick waxy leaves, hairy leaves (to trap an insulating layer of air near the leaf). Trees store water in succulent leaves. Mangroves also protect the tree parts with spiny leaves (e.g., Sea Holly) or waxy leaves; and high levels of tannin and other toxins (e.g., Blind Your Eye). Mangrove plants are thus a precious resource of chemicals that have myriad potential uses for humans.

People living beside the Sundarbans use this plant for curing many ailments. It is used in gastrointestinal disorders like diarrhoea, dysentery, constipation, indigestion, and stomach ache. The tree parts are also recommended for skin diseases including dermatitis, rash, eczema, boils, itch, scabies, infections, and hepatic disorders like jaundice and hepatitis. It is also useful for treating diseases like diabetes and goitre. Locals use it as a good insect repellent as it has wound healing property.

Sundari Trees of Sunderbans West Bengal


Speyer, Germany
Heidelberg, Germany

37 Responses to “Sundari Flowers Of Sunderbans, West Bengal

  • i think we also have this species of mangrove…i remember the spikes in a mangrove forest i visited in high school. i'd rather see the mangroves than a Bengal tiger! thank God, you didn't see one.:p

  • Isn't nature wonderful. Those Sundari trees provide protection for the wild animals and when they die and rot, they support the next one. I would LOVE to see a tiger, but I'm pleased you're OK and alive. We have a life-sized tiger toy on the cat's day bed. They love it and everyone who visits us, wants to take it away with them. Thanks for visiting my blog.Greetings Jo

  • well, i am glad you did not see the tigers, then. 🙂

  • The tree roots remind me of cyprus knees in the Louisiana swamps
    An Arkies Musings

  • Glad you did not find the tiger …
    Thank you for your participation.

  • Have you been at a place nearby tigers?! wow! I'm glad you didn't see any then, glad you're still alive! 🙂

    How strange the small "baby trees" are, or the roots.. I've often think, how incredible..that the nature find its own way. to solve things. here to make shelter for trees and animals, maybe..

  • After all the warning of one likely to end in its stomach,who would like to spot a tiger.Is there no secure way to watch tigers?
    The picture of flowers is very nice.

  • Those are beautiful flowers. I had to skip it this week because my computer died and I'm just getting my new one up.

  • I enjoyed that little bit of history and I'm so glad you are alive and still blogging with us. 🙂

  • Love these pictures .

  • Glad to know you did not spot the tiger lol!

  • Beautiful forest! Clever spikes


  • when i visited sasan gir national park in gujarat last month, i too was disappointed for not having spotted a lion that wasn't at least a couple of miles away- i understand how bad it feels!
    moreover, back then, i was wondering whether my chances would be better in the sunderbans..

  • Amitav Ghosh beautifully describes Sunderbans in one of his novels and it tempts me to visit this place for once. But the Sundari trees are quite a news for me.Nice write.

  • Informative and interestingly told. Nice read:)

  • Wow! What a beautiful place. And tigers live there?? Wow!
    Hope you get to see one at a safe distance though…ha

  • Although you missed the tiger, you saw the beautiful Sundari flowers!

  • How unique the spikes are..! nice pics..!

  • Beautiful flowers Indrani 🙂


  • Interesting facts on Sunderban! These spikes look as protectors of this forest.

  • nice write up and lovely clicks

  • Wow Indrani! Envying you! More so because I cancelled a Sunderban plan earlier this year 🙁

    Have fun!

  • Beautiful flower.
    It is sad to see that you could not spot the tiger there.

  • I love how you gave the botanical name of the tree's. That was very interesting detail..and I'm glad the Bengal Tiger was somewhere else that day! Have a wonderful week to come..

  • I guess I'm glad you didn't see a tiger. Thank you for sharing this pretty blossom with us. The information about the trees is fascinating.

  • Ever since I read Amitav Ghosh's novel set in Sunderbans, the islands have enchanted me. This is another enchanting piece.

  • I know the travails of visiting a wildlife sanctuary and not seeing a tiger. What you have written as the last line is what I have been hoping for…someday maybe..

  • its always a pleasent quite jungle for me to spend time whenever I am fed up.. or go to Bakkhali just a little bit of mosquito issue !! the mangroves amazing !!
    Nice click !! Sundori lagche sundor !! 🙂

  • A very enjoyable post Indrani. Thank you very much for sharing it with Today's Flowers. I'm glad you are here to tell the tale 🙂

  • Thanks for sharing the root knowledge. I would have assumed that they were trees just planted! That's a city girl talking so please excuse me for my ignorance. Walking through Sunderbans would have been quite an experience. Would you know how many more tigers are left there in the wild?

  • sundarbans is on my husband's must visit list so hopefully we will get there soon 🙂

  • These days, I've been seeing a lot of the Sunderban's Tiger series in Nat Geo and have become obsessed with the place. Hope to visit the place someday.

    First time visiting your blog, like this.

  • That's an interesting plant!

  • What pretty flowers!

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